Understanding The Anti-discrimination Laws In Illinois

While there are federal laws in place to protect employees from various types of discrimination in the workplace, there are also anti-discrimination laws in the state of Illinois that are in place order to further protect employees from workplace discrimination.

In the state of Illinois, employers are required to abide by the following federal laws:

Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)- This law regulates things such as the number of hours an employee is allowed to work, how many breaks an employee is allowed, as well as determine the salary and overtime requirements.

Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA)- This law establishes the right to an eligible employee to take up to 12-weeks time off from work for qualified medical reasons, ensuring that their position is held for them upon their return. There are stipulations that an employee must meet in order to qualify for FMLA.

Title VII- This law only applies to en employer with more than 15 employees, and prohibits those employers from discriminating against race, color, national origin, sex, and religious belief during the hiring process.

Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA)- This law prohibits discrimination against an employee with a qualified physical or mental impairment on the basis of their disability.

Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA)- This law only applies to an employee over the age of 40 and works for an employer with more than 20 employees, and prevents the employer from favoring or giving special treatment to employees who are younger, and to the detriment of the older qualified employee.

These are the federal anti-discrimination laws that protect employees from discrimination in all 50 states in regards to:

  • Color
  • Race
  • National Origin
  • Religious Beliefs
  • Gender
  • Age (only for employees 40 and older)
  • Disability
  • Due to pregnancy, child birth, or other medical related issues
  • Citizenship
  • Genetics

In addition to these federal anti-discrimination laws, the state of Illinois protects employees from the following:

  • Physical or mental disabilities
  • Marital status
  • Sexual orientation or preference
  • Military status, including unfavorable military discharges
  • Gender identity
  • Arrest records
  • Domestic violence victimization
  • Status of an order of protection
  • No permanent mailing address, or utilizing the address of a shelter or social service agency

If you feel that you have been unfairly discriminated against, contact the employment attorneys at Maduff & Maduff today.